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Atlantic cod

Gadus morhua morhua Linne

The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a well-known demersal food fish belonging to the family Gadidae. It is also commercially known as cod, codling or haberdine.

In the western Atlantic Ocean, cod has a distribution north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, and around both coasts of Greenland; in the eastern Atlantic, it is found from the Bay of Biscay north to the Arctic Ocean, including the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, Sea of the Hebrides, areas around Iceland and the Barents Sea.

It can grow to 2 meters in length and weigh up to 96 kilograms. It can live for 25 years and sexual maturity is generally attained between ages two and four, but can be as late as eight years in the northeast Arctic. Colouring is brown to green, with spots on the dorsal side, shading to silver ventrally. A lateral line is clearly visible. Its habitat ranges from the shoreline down to the continental shelf.